Molecular mechanisms through which Gram-positive bacteria induce the canonical inflammasome are poorly understood. Here, we studied the effects of Group B streptococci (GBS) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA) on inflammasome activation in human macrophages. Dinucleotide binding small RNA aptamers released by SA and GBS were shown to trigger increased IL-1β generation by inflammasomes. The stimulator of interferon genes-STING as a central mediator of innate immune responses has been identified as the key target of pathogenic RNA. Multi-lamellar lipid bodies (MLBs) produced by SA function as vehicles for the RNA aptamers. Notably, expression of RNA aptamers is controlled by an accessory gene regulator quorum sensing system of the bacteria. These findings have been translated to patients with Gram-positive sepsis showing hallmarks of MLB-RNA-mediated inflammasome activation. Together our findings may provide a new perspective for the pathogenicity of Gram-positive bacterial infection in man.