This study examines genetic and non-genetic factors influencing immune responses in type 1 diabetes Key findings are: 1) age and season affect immune cell traits and cytokine production upon stimulation; 2) certain genetic variants that determine susceptibility to T1D significantly affect T cell composition, notably the CCR region that is associated with CCR5+ regulatory T cells; and 3) 15 genetic loci that influence immune responses in T1D, most of which have not been seen previously in healthy populations. The results suggest mechanisms of T1D-specific genetic regulation.
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