In eukaryotes, the spindle assembly checkpoint protects genome stability in mitosis by preventing anaphase onset until incorrect microtubule-kinetochore attachment geometries have been eliminated and chromosome biorientation has been completed. These error correction and checkpoint processes are linked by two conserved serine/threonine kinases, Aurora B and MPS1 1, 2 . In the prevailing model for spindle checkpoint signaling, MPS1 detects microtubule-free kinetochores generated by the Aurora B-dependent error correction pathway, and initiates spindle checkpoint signaling. However, we find that MPS1 initially localizes to microtubule-attached kinetochores in a manner dependent on the relative activities of Aurora B and its counteracting phosphatase PP2A-B56, and then actively promotes microtubule release. Thus, MPS1 is not a passive sensor for the microtubule binding state of kinetochores but actively generates microtubule-free checkpoint signaling kinetochores. MPS1 is thus instrumental for both the initial resolution of incorrect microtubule-kinetochore attachments and the downstream propagation of spindle checkpoint signaling.
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What releases the mitotic kinase, MPS1, from the environment of outer kinetochores? This work challenges previous models and revises our current understanding of the regulatory mechanisms that determine MPS1 localisation patterns in mitotic cells.Was this evaluation helpful?