- Discover information and abstract about this Article
- Discover the Activity around this article
- Sue Im Sim
- Sören von Bülow
- Gerhard Hummer
- Eunyong Park
Polyamines are small, organic polycations that are ubiquitous and essential to all forms of life. Currently, how polyamines are transported across membranes is not understood. Recent studies have suggested that ATP13A2 and its close homologs, collectively known as P5B-ATPases, are polyamine transporters at endo-/lysosomes. Loss-of-function mutations of ATP13A2 in humans cause hereditary early-onset Parkinson’s disease. To understand the polyamine transport mechanism of ATP13A2, we determined high-resolution cryo-EM structures of human ATP13A2 in five distinct conformational intermediates, which together represent a near-complete transport cycle of ATP13A2. The structural basis of the polyamine specificity was revealed by an endogenous polyamine molecule bound to a narrow, elongated cavity within the transmembrane domain. The structures show an atypical transport path for a water-soluble substrate, where polyamines may exit within the cytosolic leaflet of the membrane. Our study provides important mechanistic insights into polyamine transport and a framework to understand functions and mechanisms of P5B-ATPases.
Cryo-EM structures of human ATP13A2 in five distinct conformations at 2.5–3.7 Å resolutions.
Unique features of ATP13A2 in comparison to other P-type ATPases.
Structure of the substrate-binding pocket of ATP13A2 and the molecular basis of polyamine binding.
Conformational changes along the transport cycle and proposed model for polyamine transport.