The Ca 2+ -activated Cl - channel TMEM16B shapes the response time course of olfactory sensory neurons

Read the full article See related articles

Listed in

This article is not in any list yet, why not save it to one of your lists.
Log in to save this article


Mammalian olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) generate an odorant-induced response by sequentially activating two ion channels, which are in their ciliary membranes. First, a cationic, Ca 2+ -permeable cyclic nucleotide-gated channel is opened following odorant stimulation via a G protein-coupled transduction cascade and an ensuing raise in cAMP. Second, the increase in ciliary Ca 2+ opens the excitatory Ca 2+ -activated Cl - channel TMEM16B that carries most of the odorant-induced receptor current. While the role of TMEM16B in amplifying the response has been well established, it is less understood how this secondary ion channel contributes to response kinetics and action potential generation during single as well as repeated stimulation and, on the other hand, which response properties the CNG channel determines. We first demonstrate that basic membrane properties such as input resistance, resting potential and voltage-gated currents remained unchanged in OSNs that lack TMEM16B. The CNG channel predominantly determines the response delay and adaptation during odorant exposure, while the absence of the Cl - channels shortens both the time the response requires to reach its maximum as well as to terminate after odorant stimulation. This faster response termination in Tmem16b knockout OSNs allows them, somewhat counterintuitively, to fire action potentials more reliably when stimulated repeatedly in rapid succession, a phenomenon that occurs both in isolated OSNs as well as in OSNs within epithelial slices. Thus, while the two olfactory ion channels act in concert to generate the overall response, each one controls specific aspects of the odorant-induced response.

Article activity feed