Paralogue-selective degradation of the lysine acetyltransferase EP300

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The transcriptional coactivators EP300 and CREBBP are critical regulators of gene expression that share high sequence identity but exhibit non-redundant functions in basal and pathological contexts. Here, we report the development of a bifunctional small molecule, MC-1, capable of selectively degrading EP300 over CREBBP. Using a potent aminopyridine-based inhibitor of the EP300/CREBBP catalytic domain in combination with a VHL ligand, we demonstrate that MC-1 preferentially degrades EP300 in a proteasome-dependent manner. Mechanistic studies reveal that selective degradation cannot be predicted solely by target engagement or ternary complex formation, suggesting additional factors govern paralogue-specific degradation. MC-1 inhibits cell proliferation in a subset of cancer cell lines and provides a new tool to investigate the non-catalytic functions of EP300 and CREBBP. Our findings expand the repertoire of EP300/CREBBP-targeting chemical probes and offer insights into the determinants of selective degradation of highly homologous proteins.

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