Dissecting the molecular puzzle of the editosome core in Arabidopsis organelles

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Over the last decade, the composition of the C-to-U RNA editing complex in embryophyte organelles has turned out to be much more complex than first expected. While PPR proteins were initially thought to act alone, significant evidences have clearly depicted a sophisticated mechanism with numerous protein-protein interaction involving PPR and non-PPR proteins. Moreover, the identification of specific functional partnership between PPRs also suggests that, in addition to the highly specific PPRs directly involved in the RNA target recognition, non-RNA-specific ones are required. Although some of them, such as DYW1 and DYW2, were shown to be the catalytic domains of the editing complex, the molecular function of others, such as NUWA, remains elusive. It was suggested that they might stabilize the complex by acting as a scaffold. We here performed functional complementation of the crr28-2 mutant with truncated CRR28 proteins mimicking PPR without the catalytic domain and show that they exhibit a specific dependency to one of the catalytic proteins DYW1 or DYW2. Moreover, we also characterized the role of the PPR NUWA in the editing reaction and show that it likely acts as a scaffolding factor. NUWA is no longer required for efficient editing of the CLB19 editing sites once this RNA specific PPR is fused to the DYW catalytic domain of its partner DYW2. Altogether, our results strongly support a flexible, evolutive and resilient editing complex in which RNA binding activity, editing activity and stabilization/scaffolding function can be provided by one or more PPRs.

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