Listed inThis article is not in any list yet, why not save it to one of your lists.
Process-based soil-crop models are widely used in agronomic research. They are major tools for evaluating climate change impact on crop production. Multi-model simulation studies show a wide diversity of results among models, implying that simulation results are very uncertain. A major path to improving simulation results is to propose improved calibration practices that are widely applicable. This study proposes an innovative generic calibration protocol. The two major innovations concern the treatment of multiple output variables and the choice of parameters to estimate, both of which are based on standard statistical procedure adapted to the particularities of soil-crop models. The protocol performed well in a challenging artificial-data test. The protocol is formulated so as to be applicable to a wide range of models and data sets. If widely adopted, it could substantially reduce model error and inter-model variability, and thus increase confidence in soil-crop model simulations.