BRCA2-HSF2BP Oligomeric Ring Disassembly by BRME1 Promotes Homologous Recombination

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In meiotic homologous recombination (HR), BRCA2 facilitates loading of the recombinases RAD51 and DMC1 at the sites of double-strand breaks. The HSF2BP-BRME1 complex interacts with BRCA2 to support its function in meiotic HR. In somatic cancer cells ectopically producing HSF2BP, DNA damage can trigger HSF2BP-dependent degradation of BRCA2, which prevents HR. Here we show that, upon binding to BRCA2, HSF2BP assembles into a large ring-shaped 24-mer consisting of three interlocked octameric rings. Addition of BRME1 leads to dissociation of this ring structure, and cancels the disruptive effect of HSF2BP on cancer cell resistance to DNA damage. It also prevents BRCA2 degradation during inter-strand DNA crosslink repair in Xenopus egg extracts. We propose that the control of HSF2BP-BRCA2 oligomerization by BRME1 ensures timely assembly of the ring complex that concentrates BRCA2 and controls its turnover, thus promoting meiotic HR.

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