CELL-E: A Text-To-Image Transformer for Protein Localization Prediction

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Accurately predicting cellular activities of proteins based on their primary amino acid sequences would greatly improve our understanding of the proteome. In this paper, we present CELL-E, a text-to-image transformer architecture that generates a 2D probability density map of protein distribution within cells. Given a amino acid sequence and a reference image for cell or nucleus morphology, CELL-E offers a more direct representation of protein localization, as opposed to previous in silico methods that rely on pre-defined, discrete class annotations of protein localization to subcellular compartments.

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