The arrival of Europeans to the Americas triggered a massive exchange of organisms on a continental scale. This exchange was accelerated by the amazing increase in the movement of people and goods during the 20th century. In Chile, scientific and technical literature contains hundreds of records of exotic insect species in different parts of the territory, from the hyperarid Atacama Desert to the Magallanes Region. Here, we analyze the biological patterns obtained from the database of introductions of exotic insects to Chile from the European arrival to the present. Our task includes a review of old records in museums, libraries, collections, expedition records and catalogs. Almost 600 species of exotic insects have been reported in Chile. Introductions started at the very arrival of Europeans to the central valley of Chile and underwent a huge acceleration in the second half of the 20th century. The order Hemiptera was the most prevalent among introduced insects. Most species are linked to agriculture and forestry. Species are of Palearctic origin in more than 50% of the records. In terms of temporal trends, the rate of introduced species shows an abrupt increase at the beginning of the 1950s. This change may be associated with the strong development in agriculture and forestry in Chile after World War II and the increase in intercontinental air traffic. We believe that the understanding of past patterns of introductions is an important component in the design of current policies to minimize the impact of invasive insects.